Currently, international relations are characterized by a variety of different relationships, a high degree of complexity. Suffice it to recall that if in 1945 the UN consisted of 51 States, currently more than 200. Given that each of these States has a different history, traditions, economic and political systems, different interests, you can imagine how complicated and difficult are the modern international relations. In a motley pattern morph of international relations highlighted some fairly obvious trends.
The first trend is the emergence of a new world order based on US hegemony. After the Second world war, international relations was characterized by the confrontation of two superpowers – the USSR and the USA. In such circumstances, the global policy has acquired a two pole (bipolar) character with the appropriate attributes: the arms race, spheres of influence, military units, etc. the Confrontation between the two systems gave rise to a certain balance of forces and a certain balance in the world that determined the stability of the international situation, despite the presence of separate foci of conflict in different parts of the world. The USSR and the U.S. did not engage each other in direct armed confrontation, because he was not interested in the third world war. However, at that time, American interests were distributed essentially in all regions of the world, and therefore must be protected everywhere.
Today, the confrontation of two superpowers is gone. First broke the world socialist system and was dissolved opposes the NATO the Warsaw Treaty Organization. And then ceased to exist and the Soviet Union. As a result, in world has only one superpower – the United States. In such conditions, the bipolar system of international relations was superseded by the unipolar (single pole) based on the dominant position of one country. Currently, the United States possesses overwhelming economic, financial, technological, and military power which nobody and nothing is restricted. The United States took on the role of global arbiter. They are trying to single handedly decide which state in world politics is commendable, what is worthy of the label “pariah state”, what sanctions to impose on him what punishment to subject practitioners of these sanctions does not support, etc. In recent years, the United States seeks to radically revise the fundamental principles of international law. They themselves determine whether they need to abide by the decisions of international organizations, including UN, or not, if necessary, under what conditions. And this despite the fact that the bulk of international organizations is now under US control.
The second development trends of international relations is globalization, which is understood as the accelerated pace of internationalization of the economy and other spheres of public life. Globalization is the unrestricted movement of information, ideas, values, capital, goods, services, and standards of behavior of people and their fashion, accompanied by a weakening of the influence of national factors of life and strengthening the role of international.
A number of factors have significantly accelerated the onset of widespread globalization. Among them include: 1.Transnational corporations (TNCs) and rapid increase of their economic power. TNK is a major private firms, having wide network of branches and offices in different countries and dominant in one or more areas of the global economy. Their headquarters are usually located in one of the developed Western countries, mainly in the USA, whilst businesses and firms in countries where low cost labor and natural resources ensures high profit. The largest TNCs have huge economic resources, comparable to the economic potential of a number of States.
The emergence of international banks, insurance companies and other large financial organizations with the capacity to commit interstate of foreign exchange transfers and using this opportunity to exert economic pressure on national governments, as was done against Russia in August 1998.
The formation of global trade networks, which act as channels of global economic exchange, connecting many States and regions of the world. For example, a free trade zone in the framework of the European Union (500 million consumers), within the U.S. and Canada, within South East Asia etc.
The computer revolution, the emergence of communication technologies and the development of strong information flows, indicating the emergence of a world system of production, distribution and use of information. These information flows to varying degrees, include all countries and regions of the world.
Globalization is having some positive effect (reduction of production costs, the spread of new technologies, attraction of capital, TNCs, etc.), increases the unevenness and contradictions of world development. The globalization of economic activities is accompanied by rapid growth of inequality between countries and peoples, leading to the widening gap in the levels of their socio economic development, puts individual States in the position of constantly losing and depriving them of the benefits of international cooperation. Similar situation today turns into international conflicts, political instability and terrorism.
Globalization undermines the sovereignty of national States, because it leads to the erosion of distinctions between domestic and world market and limits the ability of nation States to control economic processes on its territory. In such circumstances, the decision of a number of economic problems becomes the function of national States and supranational institutions and organizations.
A next pattern of improvement of global relationships may be the worldwide issues that are developing. Included in these are the problems that are following: stopping power, eradication of harmful illnesses, etc., the eradication of hunger supply of recyclables and worldwide atomic battle, the beating of backwardness of third world nations, the dilemmas of mankind.
The uniqueness of worldwide issues facing humanity, is the fact that they, first, are worldwide in character, influencing the essential interests of peoples and Countries; minute, jeopardize all humanity, which can be supported or damage of world as a result, or perhaps a serious regression of the human environment; third, require immediate options; fourth, need due to their answer the combined initiatives of Claims and individuals.
The most crucial worldwide (super global) issue facing mankind may be of stopping world war utilizing guns of destruction, the issue. The usage of atomic weapons is harmful not just huge deficits one of the populace of the earth (about 50%), but permanent effects in altering all problems of existence: the burning of air within the atmosphere, the start of the “atomic winter”, ruining the ozone level of the atmosphere, etc. to resolve this worldwide issue takes a new world purchase on the basis of the following concepts:
- acknowledgement of the concern of with regards to an individual, common ideals and his existence whilst the Substantial worth;
- denial of battle as a way of solving persistent research and differences in most instances of nonviolent methods for solving issues that are current;
- acknowledgement of to select their very own future and also the best of individuals readily;
- knowledge like an alternative and connected neighborhood of individuals of today’s modern world.